Garden State Dental of Roselle Park
236 East Westfield Avenue, Roselle Park, NJ 07204

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
My mother just finished getting dentures made and the staff couldn’t be more courteous, friendly and professional. We brought everyone some holiday Dunkin Donuts. My Mom never does that. Highly […]
Lucia C.
Great staff..very nice and courteous always willing to got he extra mile to suit your needs..Great doctors who take the time to explain any procedure you may need. Waiting area is very inviting and […]
Angela G.
Been here several occasions and never a bad experience, everyone is nice and friendly… I don’t see myself going to any other dental office!
Ronnell O.
My experience from check in to check out was amazing. Very professional and polite staff. I will definitely be recommending this office to my colleagues.
Nicole R.
The office is extremely pleasant! The staff is friendly and make me feel super comfortable… I would recommend it to anyone!
Joseph D.
Excellent front desk customer service, staff very professional, hardly no wait time to be seen, love this place..
Angela G.
I wouldn’t go anywhere else! Everyone at Garden State Dental go over and above the call of duty to make your dental experience the best it can be! I used to be nervous at the dentist but since […]
Joann K.
The best dental experience I’ve ever had, the staff is very courteous, Devita and Diana are the best and they make you feel like one of the family, the service is great and they do great […]
Raymond
After a long process, finally have my new teeth and couldn’t be happier. Lots of compliments. You guys have been great throughout the whole ordeal and can’t say thank you enough.
William I.
I have been going to this office for as long as I can remember and they have always treated me with kindness and respect. Devita and Diana always greet me with a smile and are very quick to go above […]
Dennis
Very friendly, and care greatly about their patients. Highly recommend.
Jeffrey A.
I got my wisdom teeth pulled out and two root canals fixed with crown. So far I have no issues and their oral surgeon is excellent.
Catherine L.
The office staff is absolutely great. They were very helpful and nice . Everyone was very professional and very time oriented. They kept all my appointments with minimal wait time.
Daniel C.
My daughter said that she is so thankful for the expertise and care of her dentist. Her dentist made sure that my daughter is comfortable even at the most painful part of the procedure, the […]
Anonymous
it was a very pleasant experience front staff is very friendly and accommodating and the dentist was very kind & thorough
Cynthia A.
Staff is professional and friendly and dentists make you comfortable and not afraid of procedures
Patty J.
Dr. Nardozzi is considerate and shows genuine interest and and care in her craft. I don’t feel rushed like i have with other dentists. The whole staff are just caring and pleasant.
Kristian F.
Dr Parker was great! Made me feel comfortable during the entire appointment. The office atmosphere was pleasant, and the extremely professional staff had me in and out so that I could return to work […]
Joe M.
Very good
Monica S.
As always, the best experience. Clean place, very polite and nice people.
Sinthia D.
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Tue. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Wed. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Thu. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Phone: (908) 279-0621
Fax: (908) 245-7640
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  • Tuesday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Wednesday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Thursday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
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